The innovative aspect of the proposed solution is the improvement of control during deceleration and braking phase. These issues are pretty new in the scientific research community since control issues are becoming more and more critical due to the increase of hybrid and full-electric traction. The research results of the proposed solution show a comfortable driving feeling and improved driver safety during braking phases.
The control scheme can be applied to electric vehicles for people transport, from light vehicles to full-electric machines, fed with internal permanent-magnets or pure reluctance electrical machine.
Light vehicle – electric motorcycle
The optimized control scheme was implemented on a full-electric light vehicle which showed control problems during the deceleration phase and unexpected brake.
The mounted electrical machine is an internal permanent-magnet machine with a low saliency ratio, which entails a more difficult flux-weakening control because of the low difference between synchronous inductances of d-q axes. The proposed control was validated with electrical machine tests, tests on a test bench replicating vehicle operations, and with road-tests. Test results showed an effective improvement of control robustness in particular during fast torque transition operation, e.g. due to unexpected brake. The improvement led to higher driver safety and an enhanced driving feeling thanks to the better management of the regeneration phase (braking).
Engines Engineering Srl
The proposed control will be adopted on light vehicles for the international market. Further improvements will be analyzed to increase control scheme robustness and validate the control on other electrical machines for electric traction.